The district Nadia lies between 22°52`3`` and 24°05`40`` parallel of North latitudes and 22°08`10`` and 88°48`15`` meridians of East longitudes. It is bounded on the North and North-West by the district of Murshidabad. On the North-East and East it is bounded by the districts of Rajshahi and Kushthia of Bangladesh. In the South and South-East, the district is bounded by the district of North 24 Parganas. Nadia remains evergreen with seasonal field crops throughout the year for its plenty of underground water and soil type (new alluvium). Almost all the important crops are profitably grown in this district, the economy of which depends mainly on agriculture. Farmers of this district are progressive in mind to adopt new technologies for development of agriculture. Net cropped area is 272,135 hectares. However, cropped area is decreasing slowly owing to necessity of conversion of agricultural land for construction of dwelling houses thereon. In spite of high growth rate of population, there has been no deficit of food grains in the district during the last three decades.
Soils here are moderately well drained, deep and medium textured, pH varies from 6.5 - 7.5 with a good base saturation. Annual rainfall in the area varies from 1,401-1,671 mm; maximum and minimum temperature ranges between 25.2℃ - 37.9℃ and 9.8℃ - 26.7℃ respectively. So far as the physiographic and irrigation facility is concerned, this district leaves scope to grow a wide variety of agricultural and horticultural crops.
The soils of New Alluvial Zone (NAZ) have got developed on recent alluvium of main river system of the Ganges. Soils of this flat alluvial plain vary from sandy loam to heavy clay in texture possessing high water retention capacity, good porosity and generally higher permeability for the surface soils. Depending upon their typical geomorphic situations, nature of alluvium and typical land use in cropping practices, this NAZ may further be sub-divided into four situations viz
Soils here are moderately well drained, deep and medium textured, pH varies from 6.5 - 7.5 with a good base saturation.